- Title: FILM28C
WS TS pain beach - fascist sailors relaxing on beach
SLATE FRANCO'S SAILORS ENJOY SHORE LEAVE ON THE SUNNY SANDS
TS MS TD sailors in whites playing on the sand with children,
SLATE IT IS ESTIMATED THAT THE NUMBER OF CIVILIANS MURDERED BEHIND THE LINES BY REDS IN THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR EXCEEDS THAT OF SOLDIERS KILLED AT THE FRONT. THE FOLLOWING SCENES SHOW WHAT FRANCOS TROOPS FOUND IN FRESHLY CAPTURED VILLAGES
TS BW STILL - dismembered bodies in shallow grave dead Spanish people and decaying bodies
SLATE TYPICAL DESECRATION BY THE REDS
WS PAN DOWN bombed out and ransacked church.
SLATE - THE ALCAZAR OF TOLEDO BEFORE HISTORIC DEFENCE AGAINST COMMUNISTS. AFTER SEVENTY DAY SIEGE
((Toledo - town SW of Madrid The Alcazar (castle ) housing a military Academy held by Nationalists was besieged by Republicans in July September 1936. The starved inhabitants were relived by Franco on 21st September in what was a huge propaganda coup.))
VS Alcazar ruined and bombed by attack PAN L-R bomb damages, roof of building missing, fascist officers near trailer looking at bomb damage, TOP PAN DOWN, bombed out cold building, rubble inspected by men, bombed our rusty cars, roof taken off and bomb damage general. Spanish square and beautiful courtyard damaged by bombs. SLATE - STONE CORRIDOR WHERE 1'100 MEN 500 WOMEN AND 50 CHILDREN LIVED DURING SIEGE.
STILL - stone corridor
SLATE IN FORMER CAVALRY STABLE LIE HEROES OF ALCAZAR. -
TS WS Graves of army fascist who were killed in the fighting,
SLATE - OTHER HEROES STAND WALLED IN SHOWER BATH ALCOVES GUN FIRE PREVENTED OUTSIDE BURIALS DURING LAST DAYS OF SIEGE.
WS two men look at crosses next to wall
GUERNICA ANCIENT CAPITAL OF THE BASQUE COUNTRY SPRANG INTO WORLD PROMINENCE ON APRIL 27TH 1936 WHEN IT WAS DESTROYED BY FIRE IN A DAY.
water colour painting of house. Shot PAN of buildings of Guernica bomb damage
SLATE RED PROPAGANDISTS CLAIM GUERNICA WAS BOMBED BU NATIONALIST AVIATORS BUT CAREFUL STUDY OF THE RUINS SHOW IT WAS PUT TO THE TORCH BY RETREATING BASQUE SEPARATISTS AND THEIR *** ANARCHIST ALLIES.
WS fascist officers and soldiers at the site of Guernica with rubble and destroyed buildings in the back ground. PAN up and around bombed buildings as military people was towards CAMERA.
WS TS bombed out street in Guernica as Fascist military types walk down streets away from CAMERA. WS VS PAN streets and square of Guernica completely destroyed, two officers walk across square, PAN L - man on donkey and two Spanish villagers walk towards CAMERA pan Church and cars in BG.
SLATE IN AN ATTEMPT TO DESTROY THE LOCAL MUNITIONS FACTORY THIS CORNER WAS HIT BY A BOMB SEVERAL DAYS BEFORE GUERNICA WAS BURNED,
WS PAN looking at rubble of buildings - supposed to be the munitions factory fascist troops around and cars VS if Spaniards with oxen on yoke walking along streets amongst rubble buildings.
SLATE FUNERAL OF GENERAL MOLA AT BURGOS. (Mola was a Nationalist general leader of the July 19376 uprising)
TS crowded square at Burgos, crowds surrounding two cars, TS religious dignitaries carrying table though streets surrounded by mourners and onlookers. TS WS Nationalist troops clear roadway for procession. TS Cars parked outside church, mourners with wreath, salute, TS procession of religious dignitaries,
SLATE GENERALISSIMO FRANCISCO FRANCO ARRIVES
TS Franco seen leaving car at the bottom left hand of screen amongst crowds , thick crowds outside church , as Franco enters church, TS WS PAN crowds outside church al in fascist Nationalist salute, Coffin of General Mola carried though crowds from church, TS Hurst in square surrounded by crowds and nuns in white, TS WS large procession of Nationalist VIPS. assembled nationalist troops in uniforms PAN UP to Nationalist flag on EXT of building, and VIPS on balcony in fascist salute. Coffin carried by pall bearers below.
TS coffin on horse drawn Hurst covered with flowers, and followed by procession of military bods and fascists and wreaths of flowers. TS WS nationalist generals including Franco follow the coffin, (not in view) PAN to show the funeral coffin and nuns TS various religious and nationalist dignitaries.
SLATE BILBAO CITIZENS CHEER FIRST OFFICERS OF FRANCOS ARMY WHO ENTER CITY AND SPEAK FROM BALCONY OF BASQUE **. ( Bilbao fell to the Nationalists on 19th June 1937)
WS jerky shots of nationalist soldier in Bilbao . Hands in salute. streets fairly empty some Spaniards salute back, WS PAN round in main street Bilbao nationalists on the streets and ordinary Spaniards in nationalist salutes,
MS CU faces smiling and happy Nationalists ) MS CU guns and munitions being load
ed into back of van. Nationalist celebrate in Bilbao. Crowds of women and children celebrate, nationalist soldiers being feted by the public.
SLATE ACROSS THE FRONTIER FROM HENDAYE FRANCE
WS Town in France, Nationalist soldier on the border (Cinzano advert in the BG).
SLATE TO INUN , SPAIN - WS PAN border at Inun in Spain, Border patrol.
SLATE 2'700 MILES THOUGH NATIONALIST SPAIN IN WARTIME
SLATE FRANCO'S SIEGE GUNS HAMMER AT THE GATES OF BILBAO
STILL - nationalist at military camp outside Bilbao.
Moving footage - artillery guns , assembled Nationalist troops, guns loaded and fired, in Spanish country side outside Bilbao.
SLATE 0 TWENTY-FIVE MILES AWAY AT SAN SEBASTIAN LIFE GOES ON AS USUAL
BW STILL OF town , COLOUR - PAN L-R of San Sebastian port by the river and buildings TS PAN down people on the town beach enjoying the sea, . MS people promenading and walking around, Nationalist sailors walking along the promenade. Nationalist soldiers walking with relatives recovering from injuries, arms in sling.
SLATE - GENERAL EMILLO MOLA - AT VICTORIA THE COMMANDER IN THE NORTH EXPLAINS PLANS FOR THE CAPTURE OF BILBAO.
STILL - of GENERAL MOLA -
SLATE - APPROACHING THE FRONT - WITH STILL of Red Cross van outside building.
Nationalist troops in road, mobilisation of troops and vehicles in village.
SLATE - HALF A MILE FROM THE FIRING LINE ON THE BILBAO FRONT
MS PAN L-R cars and Spanish people at the front, in civilian clothes nationalist supporters, soldier on road very close to the front,
SLATE - IN THE FRONT TRENCHES - with STILL of drowning of the trench.
PAN - L- R Nationalist troops in the front line trenches at Bilbao. Sitting relaxing chatting with guns, pointing at camera, smiling looking very relaxed in between the bouts of warfare. Nationalist troops relaxing in the sun.
SLATE - MACHINE GUN NEST ON THE HEIGHTS AT FRUNIZ - NOTE THE CRUCIFIX.
PAN L-R soldier crouched behind sandbags with gun, snipers, and a crucifix propped up on the sandbag.
PAN L to show all the other troops in the nest on a hillside overlooking the plains below. chatting and laughing,
SLATE - MODERN WARS ARE MOTORIZED - WS tractor going up road towards camera. surrounded by Nationalists all looking on.
SLATE THE BATTLE AT MOUNT SAN PEDRO
SLATE COLONEL RAFAEL LATORRE ARTILLERY OFFICER DESCRIBES FIGHTING AT MOUNT SAN PEDRO WHICH IS RAGING AS HE SPEAKS. FIVE HUNDRED INFANTRY SUPPORTED BY HIS MOUNTAIN GUNS HAVE BEEN HOLDING OFF 3000 BASQUE AND ASTURIAN TROOPS WHO COUNTER ATTACKED AT DAWN. - MUY VALIENTE - SAID HE WHEN THE ENEMY WAS DEFEATED AFTER THE SIX HOUR BATTLE LEAVING 200 DEAD IN THE BARBED WIRE ENTANGLEMENTS. THIS VICTORY MAKES HIM THE HERO OF THE DAY.
PAN - L-R Nationalist troops gathered at Mount Pedro - officers discussing things
SLATE AFTERMATH OF THE BATTLE
PAN over dead bodies, corpses,
SLATE - GENERAL MOLA FLIES FROM VICTORIA FOR BURGES BUT CRASHES IN THE MOUNTAINS DURING A FOG.
WS crashed plane in field, TS hundreds assembled troops and column march. in town.
PAN ROUND banners and Spanish German flags on balconies of buildings.
SLATE - SALAMANCA GENERAL HEADQUARTERS IF THE GENERALISSIMO
STILL water colour painting of Salamanca
SLATE following medieval custom , students of the university of Salamanca have written Franco's cypher on the wall of the cathedral in bulls blood.
MS of Franco's cypher entirely written in blood. Cu of the Cypher.
SLATE 0 - FRANCISCO FRANCO DEFENDER OF THE FAITH SAVIOR OF SPAIN
CU STILL OF Franco looking cuddly.
SLATE A VISIT OT THE MADRID FRONT
SLATE - FOLLOWING ARE SCENES TAKEN ON CERRO DE LOS ANGELES GEOGRAPHICAL CENTRE OF THE PAIN FROM WHICH OBSERVERS LOOKING DOWN ON MADRID THOUGH HIGH POWERED GLASSES SEE PEOPLE WALKING IN THE STREETS.
CU - PAN L-R Young Nationalist soldiers with telescope at viewpoint, and lines can be seen on the plains below. in the far distance. MS group o soldier at look out point with telescope, MS soldier looking through special camera type thing ( probably from Germany) to see far into the distance. WS PAN L-R the plains near Madrid WS PAN, Soldiers walk towards CAM Nationalist officer smiling, TS MS man with special camera viewing type thing, taking picture (!) .
MS PAN L- R buildings church with bomb holes and artillery bullet holes, churches and wall with battle marks.
SLATE FRANCISCO DE LA PENA DE LA CRUZ ONE OF THE DEFENDERS OF THE ALCAZAR
MS CU of Francisco de la Pena de la Cruz in uniform with officer pointing to his badge and with a paper.
SLATE the ancient monastery of Guadelupe. MS WS Francisco de la Pena de la Cruz leaving monastery door with church official, monk walks down steps, TU PAN L-R ROUND OF monastery walls, showing arches and mediaeval architecture, PAN round courtyards of Guardelupe.
SLATE MALAGA WHERE RED FURY RAGED.
WS PAN L-R of luscious gardens and nice houses at Malaga, church seen and old bombed out buildings, bombed houses at Malaga, roofless buildings. lots shots various wealthy houses that have been bombed.
SLATE - GRAVES OF VICTIMS ON MALAGA CEMETERY 8000 WERE SLAIN DURING SEVEN MONTHS OF FIGHTING.
PAN L-R cemetery, new graves, crosses new graves peoples names on crosses, with black suited Spaniard
SLATE 0 VILLA MARIA DEL CARMEN AT MALAGA BEFORE IT WAS BURNED.
shots of rich Spaniards at the villa, man walks down steps in suit,
SLATE - GARDENS ARE STILL BEAUTIFUL ALTHOUGH THE VILLA IS STILL A SHELL
PAN R-L gardens and steps, very grand, FLOWERS
SLATE - STILLS THE DINING ROOM ( Heavily paneled dining room ) BEFORE AND AFTER THE RED APPLIED THE TORCH - STILL - whitewashed room.
MS woman on balcony smiling, SHOTS of the Mediterranean, from posh Malaga house, PAN gardens burnt out car, rubble and bombed bits, repairs made,
SLATE THOSE WHO SURVIVED NOW LIVE IN SECURITY SAVE FOR THE CONSTANT THREAT OF RAIDS BY THE REDS.
MS posh upper class Spanish family in garden smiling for camera . laughing, posing for camera, girls with their Nationalist soldier friends, in twenties bobs posing for CAMERA
SLATE - FINAL ASSAULT OF BILBAO.
SLATE FRANCOS FOREIGN LEGION ON THE MARCH
WS Franco's foreign troops ( Germans and Italians ?)walking down country road, one carrying white parasol, gathered with donkey marching along the road, car in FG, riding donkeys and with belongings. .
SLATE PRISONERS OF WAR GUARDED BY REQUETES WEARING RED BOINAS
WS Communist PoWs standing outside building, looking very miserable
SLATE NATIONALIST GUNS AT DERIO BOMBARD BILBAO FORTS
WS behind artillery gun being fired, troops gathered at camp with artillery guns, firing over a wall,
WS street donkey loads carried, REFUGEES (?)
SLATE REPATRIATION OF 930 NATIONALISTS WHO ESCAPED FROM BILBAO PRISON
WS PAN L-R gathered nationalists all wearing red berets large cords of Nationalists, WS TS lots of Nationalist troops walking down tree lined avenue, cars and vans returning with blankets over shoulder. Nationalist in back of trucks being greeted by sympathisers, and waved along,.
SLATE FIRST VIEW OF BILBAO
PAN L-R assembled group of Nationalists with binoculars, nationalist positions looking over landscape at Bilbao. CAMERA PANS across landscape to across the valley assembled troops on hill opposite.
Nationalists gathering standing around - PAN officers and generals
STILL - dead corpses after battle.
WS TS Nationalists in Bilbao in BG
SLATE CIVILIANS GREET WAR CORRESPONDENTS AND FRANCOS PRESS OFFICERS ON THE QUAY.
WS TS groups of people on the quay of Bilbao, bomb and battle damage seen in BG, smoke still rising, bridge completely bombed in vertical position . smoke from fires, jetty s bombed, rubble along the quayside, bombed boats in the harbour. People taking pictures.
WS bombed out apartment building, TS jerky shots, crowds of Spanish gathered looking up at CAMERA.
VS from balcony over looking street in Bilbao. crowds gathered below,
SLATE AMOURED CARS ROLL IN
VS Bilbao street level, people climbing up onto buildings - soon after the taking of the Basque city. Row of armoured tanks and armoured vehicles in the street with Nationalist flag flying . Shots of Nationalists sitting on the tanks, women sitting on tank.
SLATE CARTRIDGE LABEL PICKED UP IN BILBAO SHOWS SOME RED AMMUNITION CAME FROM US.
CU cartridge label, 8mm cartridge, box label from Illinois
- Keywords:SPAIN, 1936, THE WAR IN SPAIN, SPANISH CIVIL WAR, NATIONALISM, FASCISM
- Master Title:FILM28C